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[Page 749]

Chapter 14. Templates

Behind that outside pattern the dim shapes get clearer every day.

It is always the same shape, only very numerous.

Charlotte Perkins Gilman

Every man of genius sees the world at a different angle from his fellows.

Havelock Ellis

...our special individuality, as distinguished from our generic humanity.

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr

OBJECTIVES

In this chapter you will learn:

  • To use function templates to conveniently create a group of related (overloaded) functions.

  • To distinguish between function templates and function-template specializations.

  • To use class templates to create a group of related types.

  • To distinguish between class templates and class-template specializations.

  • To overload function templates.

  • To understand the relationships among templates, friends, inheritance and static members.


[Page 750]

Outline

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Function Templates

14.3 Overloading Function Templates

14.4 Class Templates

14.5 Nontype Parameters and Default Types for Class Templates

14.6 Notes on Templates and Inheritance

14.7 Notes on Templates and Friends

14.8 Notes on Templates and static Members

14.9 Wrap-Up

Summary

Terminology

Self-Review Exercises

Answers to Self-Review Exercises

Exercises


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